Stitching Rifts: Finney Mends American Environmentalism

[By DaMaris Hill]

On September 6, 2012,
the Hall Center for the Humanities hosted Dr. Nikky Finney. Her talk was
entitled “Making Poetry in Our Anthropocene Age”. Anthropocene is a
scientific term coined to suggest that humans are the geophysical force
changing the climate of the planet, and ushering in a new geological
period.  The central question of Dr.
Finney’s talk concerned the connections between the damage done to the earth’s
ecosystems and her role as a contemporary poet.  

Prior to her talk, Dr.
Finney was introduced by Dr. Paul Outka, Associate Professor of English at the
University of Kansas. He gave a brief history of American environmentalism
primarily based on his research in Race
and Nature from Transcendentalism to the Harlem Renaissance.
  During the introduction, he stated that
cultural history of the racial fault line in American environmentalism is
divided by largely white wilderness preservation groups and the largely
minority environmental justice movement. With a racialized and polarized rift
of American environmentalism firmly establish, the audience gazed at Dr.
Finney. She was left to do the hard work, removing the racial tension and teach
the audience about the consequences of collective actions in the Athropocene
Dr. Finney’s talk opened
with a series of epigraphs. This series of epigraphs were extracted from the
volumes of journals and personal notes that she has kept since she was a
teen.  She affectionately called these volumes
of journals field notes. One of four field notes quoted Lucille Clifton, “The
earth is a black and living thing.” 
Finney weaved this field note throughout her lecture about the Athropocene
era.  This field note acted as a mending needle and transformed
the polarized framing of American environmentalism. The weaving of the
field note into the speech stitched together the racialized environmental rift
that continues to threaten the collectivity and success of environmentalist
efforts in the United States. 
The stratification and
marginalization of environmental efforts that were emphasized in the
introduction  exaggerated the racial binary of American
cultural identity. Finney’s refrain of ‘the earth is a black and living thing’
helped the audience make connections between their racialized understanding of
American culture in context of environmental efforts and the positive
consequences of our collective actions.

DaMaris B. Hill has
a terminal degree in English-Creative Writing and Women, Gender, and Sexuality
Studies at the University of Kansas. The majority of her poetry stresses
connections. She is currently writing a novel about two parents’ struggle to
control their daughter’s sexuality during the 1930s.